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New Orca is the smoothest, fastest and most reliable incarnation of Orca yet. A new, innovative, UI for traders to tap into Orca’s liquidity: the apex liquidity layer on Solana. Orca will continue to deliver an easy-to-integrate, capital-efficient, permissionless trading environment. Feel the difference and dive into a human-centered UI that is built to just work.
There are two major ways to trade cryptocurrencies: traditional orderbook exchanges (CLOBs) and automated market maker (AMM/CLAMM) protocols. Orderbooks look to match sellers and buyers based on price and amount of tokens to trade. In AMMs users trade against a pool of tokens, rather than directly with other users. For blockchain applications, Orca believes that CLAMM-based trading protocols are the superior approach because of their simplicity and composability and that with proper education and the right tools a CLAMM can achieve everything a CLOB can and more.
Of the solutions competing to scale the blockchain ecosystem, Solana's performance stands out: 50,000 transactions per second, 400ms block times, and low transaction fees. What’s more, Orca has been continually impressed by the value, vision, and engineering chops of the Solana team. For these reasons, Orca believes that Solana is the best choice to support the next generation of DeFi apps.
ORCA is available on many exchanges globally, including, amongst others, Coinbase, Kraken, MEXC, and Gate. A more complete and up-to-date list is available on CoinGecko and CoinMarketCap. Orca does not solicit exchange listings of the ORCA token. However, from time-to-time, centralized exchanges may choose to list ORCA, based on their market analyses or community feedback. When exchanges list ORCA, they will generally make announcements of such listings, and they will be added to the list of ORCA markets on CoinGecko and CoinMarketCap.
To connect to Orca you will need a compatible wallet, a list of currently supported wallets can be found here. Orca plans to integrate other wallets that support Solana program execution, as they are released.
SOL is required to pay network fees. It is recommended to maintain a balance of at least 0.05 SOL. Actual fees are typically far lower, but for simplicity, a small minimum balance of SOL is required to transact.
- Taker fee: When trading, a percentage of the trade value is paid as a fee. These fees vary depending on the routing of your trade. The table here shows the fee paid when trading on Orca, and how it is split between earnings for liquidity providers, Orca Treasury (currently the treasury takes no fees), and Climate Fund.
- Network fee: when trading a nominal amount of SOL is also paid in the form of Solana network fees. The exact amount varies depending on the parameters of the trade; when trading a token for the first time, more SOL is required to add that token to your wallet. In the past, typically trades cost between 0.0001 — 0.001 SOL. More details about network fees can be found here.
Orca does not charge any additional fees.
The trade price on Orca depends on the size of the order, price impact depends on trade size and available liquidity. As the amount of tokens you buy from the pool increases, the price of the token increases as well. This increase in price is called price impact. If your trade causes price impact of 1% or greater the UI will display a Price Impact Warning. You can still trade after acknowledging the warning.
If your trade fails, it is most likely because market volatility means the price has moved beyond the slippage tolerance for your trade. When a trade fails Orca will provide an error reason and the opportunity to retry with the same parameters will be offered by the UI.
Due to current smart-contract limitations, trades that route through multiple pools have a higher likelihood of failing. The transaction may succeed if sent again. Orca recognized that this is frustrating, so new Orca incorporates improvements in trade logic when using multiple pools. New Orca also adjusts slippage and priority fees dynamically to improve the chance your trade trade succeeds, even in periods of Solana network congestion. If you wish to adjust these settings manually, please see How to adjust slippage tolerance.
Orca will add tokens to the Orca Token List based on information provided by the project and demonstrable community demand (e.g. volume or interest). Orca is a decentralized protocol that facilitates trades and and will aim to support every asset that is tradable on Solana. Anyone can create a pool.
As a trader, there is nothing that need be done to take advantage of Orca's concentrated liquidity pools; all the magic happens behind the scenes.